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  1. #1
    أنا مسلم AbuMubarak's Avatar
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    The Meaning of Shahada

    The Meaning of the Testimony of Faith (1/2)



    The Meaning of the Testimony of Faith (1/2)

    (Islamweb) By: Sh. Hamoud M. Al-Lahim


    The testimony of faith (LA ILAHA ILLA ALLAH) is the decisive
    criterion by which man is judged to be a Muslim or a Kafir
    (disbeliver). This testimony is the foundation upon which Islam is
    based. The concept of life, the universe and man is diffused from it,
    and upon it is based the message of all Messengers beginning with
    Noah and ending with Muhammad, (peace be upon them all).

    Allah, the Exalted says: "We did not send the Messenger before you
    without revealing to him: There is no god worthy of being worshipped
    except I, therefore worship Me." (Holy Qur'an, 21:25)

    Allah has created men and jinn and the rest of creation on account
    of the testimony of faith, there is no god worthy of being worshipped
    except Allah. Consequently everything in this universe submits in
    worship to Allah, to Whom belong the creation and the authority. He
    is aware of all things.

    The Meaning of the testimony of faith

    The testimony comprises two concepts: denial and affirmation.

    First: The testimony of faith denies everyone and everything other
    than Allah, the Exalted, and the attribute of divinity. All those
    other than Allah, such as the angels, the Prophets, and the rest of
    mankind, let alone the idols and the political regimes in the world,
    are not gods nor do they deserve to be worshipped. Thus denial in
    this respect is not denial of the existence of the alleged gods,
    rather the denial of divinity which is attributed to them.

    Second: The testimony of faith affirms and restricts divinity to
    Allah Alone. That is, the slave must believe that Allah is the only
    true God, and dedicate accordingly no act of worship to other than
    Allah.

    Since worship with all its legitimate acts and rites must be
    dedicated only to the God who deserves it, therefore, the true God to
    whom worship must be dedicated is the one who enjoys certain
    attributes, some of which are:

    1. Divinity, the Oneness of Allah Who is singled out as the only
    true God having no partner to share His divine attributes, nor His
    domain.

    2. Self-sufficiency. Allah stands in need of no one; He needs
    neither a helper nor a spouse or a son.

    3. The capability of doing everything. There is nothing which
    frustrates His capability. He does anything He wishes without
    exhaustion or support. If He wills to do a thing, He only says to
    it, "Be", and it is.

    4. The absolute life which is unaffected by perishment. Allah is
    Everlasting.

    5. Alertness: Allah never sleeps nor is He heedless, He is neither
    seized by slumber or sleep.

    6. Inclusive proprietorship: All existing things belong to Allah
    alone.

    7. Knowledge: Allah's knowledge encompasses the whole universe
    that even an ant weight does not escape His knowledge.

    8. Pride and grandeur: There is nothing greater that Allah neither
    in His essence or in his grandeur, nor in his supremacy.

    9. Merciful beneficence: Allah does not wrong a thing or punish
    unjustly rather He loves His devotees, and forgives the sins of those
    who repent to Him.

    [Translated by: Mahmoud R. Murad]


    Sunday : 21/09/2003

    http://www.islamweb.net/web/misc.Art...6187&thelang=E
    .لا نريد زعيما يخاف البيت الإبيض
    نريد زعيما يخاف الواحد الأحد
    دولة الإسلامية باقية






  2. #2
    أنا مسلم AbuMubarak's Avatar
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    The Meaning of the Testimony of Faith (2/2)



    The Meaning of the Testimony of Faith (2/2)
    (Islamweb) By: Sh. Hamoud M. Al-Lahim


    Allah, Who is far removed from every imperfection, exclusively
    enjoys the attributes of divinity. This divinity entails: The right
    of legislating lows.

    Allah is the One who legislates laws for His creatures, therefore
    no one may legislate laws for himself or for others that do not
    confirm with those of Allah, or those given by His Messengers nor may
    any one design a mode of worship or a transactional regulation for
    individual or groups.

    Neither is it the right of anyone to deem things lawful or
    unlawful on his own accord. Whoever gives himself such rights
    presumptuously sets up himself as god.

    Man as part of His creatures, must dedicate all his life
    worshipping Allah, he must be aware of Allah's rulings, respecting
    everything he does, thus every lawful thing he does, intending it to
    be a means of bringing him closer to Allah, turns to be an act of
    worship. Worship is an inclusive term comprising every utterance and
    deed, apparent or hidden that Allah loves.

    Having read this brief message about the meaning of the testimony
    of faith, and its requirements, you are probably anxious to profess
    it and apply its requirements of this testimony that are incumbent
    upon the person who confesses it to apply?

    These requirements are:

    1. The belief that Allah is the true God to Whom worship must be
    dedicated. He is the One Who possesses all attributes of perfection,
    and Who is far removed from every imperfection such as taking a
    spouse or a son.

    2. The belief that Allah is the Creator of all existing things,
    the Sustainer, the Giver of life and death, the Proprietor of the
    universe, the only Ruler and Legislator.

    3. The belief that Allah possesses the attributes of perfection,
    and is far removed from every imperfection as the Messenger of Allah
    (SAWS) informed us in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. The only two sources
    from which we know the attributes of Allah.

    4. Taking the believers for friends, loving and supporting them.

    5. Disavowing the unbelievers and standing aloof from them.

    Allah says: "Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in
    Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people; "Verily,
    we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have
    rejected you, and there has started between us and you hostility and
    hatred forever, until you believe in Allah Alone, except the saying
    of Abraham to his father: "Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from
    Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before
    Allah. Our Lord! In you (Alone) we put our trust and to You Alone we
    turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return," (Holy
    Qur'an, 60:4)

    The above are some of the requirements of the testimony of faith,
    the testimony, which is considered a prelude and access to Islam,
    rather its base. Whoever confesses it with sincere attestation, and
    applies its requirements, would ultimately be admitted to the Jannah,
    the heavenly garden, with the will of Allah. If such a person
    committed some sins and died before repenting, it is up to Allah, He
    either forgives him or punishes him, but would the later take him out
    of it and admits him to Jannah having been purified from his sins.

    It is mentioned in the prophetic tradition that Musa, the
    Messenger of Allah, (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), asked
    Allah to assign for him an act of worship and be particularly his to
    perform. Allah, the Exalted, commanded him: "O Musa, say, "There is
    no god who deserves to be worshipped but Allah" "Musa said: "My Rubb
    (Lord)! All your slaves confess this testimony." To indicate the
    significance of the testimony of faith, Allah then said: "O Musa,
    were the seven heavens and seven earths, and all what they contain
    put in one side of the scale, and "There is no god who deserves to be
    worshipped but Allah" was put on the other side of it would have
    overweighed them.

    The Prophet, (SAWS) said: "He who concludes his life with uttering
    the testimony of faith, that is to be his last words before he dies,
    he will be admitted to the Jannah".

    Confessing the testimony of faith must be coupled with fulfilling
    its conditions:

    1. Knowledge: which consists of recognizing Allah as the only true
    God to whom worship must be dedicated, and denouncing all gods
    worshipped beside all as false, and that they can neither extend
    benefit nor cause harm.

    2. Certainty: that the belief in Allah must be unblemished with
    any doubt.

    3. Acceptance: that is to accept all its conditions.

    4. Submission: that is to fulfill its conditions submissively and
    willingly being content with Allah as the Lord, and Muhammad, (SAWS),
    as His Prophet and Messenger.

    5. Truthfulness: that is to fulfill its requirements truthfully.

    6. Sincerity: that is to be sincere in worshipping Allah,
    dedicating all acts of worship to Him alone.

    7. The Love Of Allah; the Exalted, and the love of His Messenger,
    Muhammad (SAWS), and the love of Allah's devotees and the people of
    His obedience.

    Finally, it should be borne in mind that Allah must be obeyed by
    following His commands and refraining from his prohibitions.

    Obedience to Allah must be associated with loving Him, fearing His
    punishment, and hoping for His reward, seeking His forgiveness, and
    adhering to the teachings of His Prophet Muhammad (SAWS).


    Sunday : 21/09/2003

    http://www.islamweb.net/web/misc.Art...6189&thelang=E
    .لا نريد زعيما يخاف البيت الإبيض
    نريد زعيما يخاف الواحد الأحد
    دولة الإسلامية باقية






  3. #3
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    What Makes and breaks The Shahadah

    "LA ILAHA ILLALLAH,MUHAMMAD-UR- RASUL-ALLAH"

    prepared by Abu Abdullah


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    INTRODUCTION

    Everyone is well aware of the current situation of the Muslims- there is no need to go into detail about how bad it is. Anyone can see how weak the Muslim Ummah has become and every day it is getting from bad to worse. The Kufaar (disbelievers) on the other hand are getting stronger and becoming united in their actions. This is the total opposite of what Allah(swt) wants. Allah(swt) sent Islam to be the leading Religion and Muslims to be the best of Nations in this world and as Muslims this is what our goal should be.

    Therefore we need to ask ourselves a few questions such as;

    Why are we not united?

    Why are we Muslims in this situation?

    Why do we Muslims not find a solution to this problem?

    Allah(swt) says in the Qur’an;

    "And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive) admonition?". Surah 54 Al-Qamar, Ayah 17

    So why do we make the Qur’an and the religion of Islam so difficult for ourselves? We seem to be following the footsteps of previous nations (Jews & Christians) in which only a few people know the religion and they are the only ones the masses are prepared to listen to. Muslims are also falling into the same trap with the religion of Islam. A few people are considered to be the learned ones and as a result are making the majority of Muslims go astray from the right path because they hide the truth from them. For this reason we need to go back to the very basics and ask ourselves the following questions in order to find out why this situation has occurred and find a cure for this disease which is attacking the Muslim Ummah of today.

    Why did Allah(swt) create us?

    The first set of questions one may ask himself are:

    Why did Allah(swt) create us?

    What is the aim and what is the target, of our creation?

    This is the most important question because if we know our aim in life then we will be able to work towards it and reach it inshaAllah. For example if Allah(swt) created us for money then we would only need to work, earn money, enjoy and not worry about anything but as we all know this is not the case as Allah(swt) says in the Quran:

    "And I created not the Jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone)". Surah 51 Ad-Dhariyaat, Ayah 56

    How to Worship Allah(swt) Alone?

    Now we know our goal in life is ‘Tahkeek Al-Ibadah’ which means to worship Allah. This is the ultimate aim and by doing this correctly we will achieve our final goal and attain ‘Al-Janna’ (Paradise)- inshaAllah. If however we fail to worship Allah(swt) then our destiny will be hellfire. So, how do we worship Allah(swt)? We worship Allah(swt) as he wants us to worship Him. We have been sent the Qur’an by Allah(swt) through the Prophet Muhammad(saw) and it is through this Book of revelation that we are able to follow the guidelines about the manner in which Allah(swt) should be worshipped. In conjunction to the Kitab(book) of Allah we also have the Sunnah(practice) of Prophet Muhammad (saw), if any person was to abandon any of these two sources then there is no chance of him being able to achieve his goal of reaching Al-Jannah for he will surely fall into misguidance.





    Importance of checking the Evidence

    It is very important to mention the term ‘Taqleed’- this term is used when implying that someone is following the sayings and teachings of a particular person or persons blindly. For example if a person only takes the teachings of Imam Abu Haneefah, Imam Ahmad, Ibn Taymiyah or Shaikh bin Baz and follows them word to word as if they could never have made a mistake in their judgements then he is doing their ‘taqleed’. One should remember never to fall into this trap for it is Prophet Muhammad(saw) that is the Messenger of Allah and who the Muslims are suppose to follow- not the scholars with their own opinions or any one else.

    Nevertheless a person should evidently respect the scholars of Islam but when they say something one should always ask them for evidence from the Qur’an and Sunnah for what they have said. This is because Allah(swt) has told us Muslims in the Quran to follow Prophet Muhammad(saw) who was the best example for mankind, therefore the scholar should tell you whether what he is saying is from the Book of Allah(Qur’an) or the Prophets(saw) Sunnah(Hadith) or the scholars own opinion(Ijtihad), and the latter should be backed with proof. In this way one can be sure that what they are taking of their Deen from these people has been ordained by Allah for we do not want to be like the Jews and Christians who went astray because they followed their people of knowledge blindly.

    Allah says in the Quran;

    "They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah)". Surah 9 At-Taubah, Ayah 31

    What is the meaning of Aqeedah and ‘La illaha illallah’?

    ‘Aqeedah’ means belief and ‘La illaha illa Allah’ is the core of this belief which means that there is no true God worthy of worship except Allah(swt). A person could pray, give charity and do all the good deeds in the world but they would be of no use without him having declared his faith ‘La illaha illa Allah’ in Allah (Alone).

    As Ibn Taymiyah (a great Imam and scholar of Islam from the past) said:

    "For ‘la illaha illa Allah’, Allah(swt) created the people, Allah(swt) created the jinn, Allah(swt) create the Mizan (the scale), Allah(swt) created the heavens and the earth and for this Allah(swt) has prepared a day of judgement and this is all for ‘la ilaha illalha’. Subsequently there are four other pillars of Islam (Salah, Sawm, Zakah and Hajj) but the last four come into practice once the Shahadah ‘la illaha illa’ (the first pillar) has been declared, for it is the foundation of the pillars. It is therefore very important to understand ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ since this is the reason for our existence on earth".

    This also shows us that if a person (Muslim) does not understand ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ he is still outside the fold of Islam because by saying ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ from your tongue does not mean anything until you understand the real meaning of the term. Jews and Christians also say ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ but they are kufaar(disbeliever’s) and not Muslims. This is because they say ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ from their tongue but their actions are not in consistence with what their tongues proclaim. For this same reason a Muslim needs to understand, without any doubts in his mind the meaning of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ and its implications.

    It is very important to know how to implement ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ in our lives, our dealings and our actions. We need to understand how the Sahabahs(companions of the Prophet(saw)) understood the meaning of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ from the Messenger of Allah(saw) because when the Messenger of Allah(saw) called people to ‘Tawheed- Oneness of Allah(swt)’ for the first time they were amazed to find someone telling them that their gods and idols were to become one God. People told him that the Arabs and even the non-Arabs would fight against him as a result of the message he was conveying to them. This highlights that even the mushrikeen knew how serious the meaning of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ is and the consequences it would bring for the Messenger of Allah(saw).

    Before the Prophet(saw) was given the message he was known as As-Sadiq and Al-Aameen (the trustworthy), as well as being known for his honesty and good nature. However once he said ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ things turned upside down for him and whoever believed him. They were tortured, persecuted and some of his companions were even killed.

    Bilal(ra) and Yasser(ra) and his family are excellent examples in showing how the early Muslims were strong in their belief in Allah(swt) and how the kuffar were putting them through torments of all kinds in order to keep them away from Islam. The real reason for which people of Quraish were doing this to the early Muslims was because if they to believe or even tolerate this message of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ then it meant that all the benefits they were receiving from their false religion would have to be abolished, their high position in this world would have to go and the leaders would have to act according to the Will of Allah(swt). As a result ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ was a direct threat to the society and its people.

    The Importance of ‘la ilaha illallah’

    Hadith One:

    Itban(ra) narrated that the Prophet(saw) said:

    "Indeed Allah has forbidden for Hell the person who testifies: ‘la ilaha illa Allah’- There is nothing worthy of worship in truth (no true God) but Allah, seeking thereby nothing but Allah’s(swt) face (pleasure)". [Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

    Hadith Two:

    Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri(ra) narrated that Allah’s Messenger(saw) said:

    "Musa(Moses) said: ‘O my Rabb, teach me something through which I can remember you and supplicate to you.’ Allah(swt) answered: ‘Say, O Musa, ‘la ilaha illa Allah’. Musa said: O my Rabb, all your slaves say these words’. Allah(swt) said: O Musa, if the seven heavens and all they contain other than me and the seven earth’s as well, were all put in one side of a scale and ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ put in the other- the latter would overweigh them". [Reported by Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim declared it Sahih]

    Hadith Three:

    It is reported that the Prophet of Allah(saw) said:

    "He who professed ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ that there is no true God to be worshipped but Allah and made denial of everything which the people worship besides Allah(swt), his property and blood become haram and his affair rests with Allah". [Reported by Muslim]

    Hadith Four:

    Uthman(ra) narrated that the Messanger of Allah(saw) said:

    "He who dies knowing ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ that there is no true God worthy of worship except Allah shall enter Al-Jannah (Paradise)". [Reported by Muslim]

    Hadith Five:

    Narrated Ubadah bin As-Samit(ra) that the Messanger of Allah(saw) said:

    " Whoever testifies ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ that there is no true God worthy of worship except Allah Alone, who is without partner, and that Muhammad is his slave and Messenger, and that Iesa(Jesus) is the slave of Allah and his Messenger, and His word which He bestowed in Maryam(Mary) and a spirit (created) from Him, and that Paradise and Hellfire are realities, Allah will admit him into Paradise, whatever his deeds might be". [Reported by Al-Bukhari]



    Hadith Six:

    The Prophet (saw) said:

    " I am commanded to fight against those people who do not say ‘la ilaha illa Allah’. If they say ‘la ilaha illa Allah’, their life and property will be safe and their affairs will lie with Allah".

    [Reported by Al-Bukhari]

    The importance of explaining all this was so that we could understand the basic concept of Islam or one can say the main pillar of Islam. We can see that there seems to be a big difference between the ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ people say today than that of the one understood by the Messenger of Allah(saw) and his companions. Nowadays we see that people have made businesses out of saying or writing ‘la ilaha illa Allah’.They are eating, drinking and sleeping in the name of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ and yet we see none of its meanings being established in their actual lives. We see many of the so called people of knowledge nowdays are happy to proclaim ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ if they are going to get a Masjid built out of it or get some other worldly benefit but they would not say this Shahadah if they were in the fear of losing their job, wealth or status. In these circumstances they would hide the real meaning of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’.

    For this reason we must measure our faith in ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ on the Mizan Al-Aqeeda (the scale of Aqeeda) which has been set by the Messenger of Allah(saw) for Islam and to which the companions compared themselves. We should imply this scale of Aqeedah to ourselves, our families, our scholars and anyone who makes a claim for Islam. We should put all this on the scale and see how well it does in comparison to the Aqeedah of the companions of the Prophet(saw). For example if we see today that the Christians and Jews agree with Islam, then there is something wrong with your Islam as Allah(swt) has told us in the Qur’an;

    "Never will the Jews nor the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad (saw)) till you follow their religion". Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Ayah 120

    This shows us that if we fall into this trap of the Kuffaar(disbeliever’s) then Islam (real Islam) must have slipped out of our hands.

    This is the reason why we see today that the real meaning of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ has been changed to suit people’s whims and desires. We see Muslims today who are saying ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ in the Masjid but as soon as they come out it disappears and if anyone else tries to say it he is labelled as a terrorist or a fundamentalist. As a result it is very important to understand the real ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ which the Messenger of Allah(saw) called to and for which his companions were tortured.

    Differences in saying ‘la ilaha illallah’

    If we look at the history of Islam it is very clear that there is no comparison between the ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ said today to the one said at the time of the Prophet(saw). Nowadays people want ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ to suit their needs but do not want to discuss or understand its real meaning. The real sacrifices attached to the conditions of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ have been totally forgotten and people just want to talk, enjoy, relax and make a joke out of it. The general masses of Muslims are also fooling themselves with the false belief that as long as they stick to the statement of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ they will be guaranteed paradise and will never go to the hellfire and many other such beliefs. They are trying to achieve paradise by enjoying the duniya and by pleasing the kuffar and the oppressive regimes of the Tyrant rulers. Regarding this Allah says in the Qur’an;

    "Allah will not leave the believers in the state in which you are now, until He distinguishes the wicked from the good. Nor will Allah(swt) disclose to you the secrets of the Ghaib(unseen), but Allah(swt) chooses of his Messengers whom He wills. So believe in Allah(swt) and His Messengers. And if you believe and fear Allah(swt), then for you there is a great reward". Surah 3 Al-Imran, Ayah 179

    This leads us to the next stage of how to understand the real meaning of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’. For this we need to check the evidences related to the matter and try to study and make research about the issue. If we can establish the basic belief of ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ then it will lead us to be among the Jammah, then the leader and his obedience (according to Quran and Sunnah) then Hijra and finally Jihad. This was the way of the Messenger of Allah(saw) and this is how Islam will be established again according to the famous Hadith of the Messenger of Allah(saw) in which he said:

    "Islam began as something strange and it would return as something strange so give glad tidings to the strangers".

    [Sahih Muslim]

    Now this was the way of the Prophet(saw) and this is how the real Islam will be established. Among the Jammah every body will have the same Aqeedah and be under one leader (like the Prophet(saw)) where the people will listen to this leader and then make the Hijra like the companions of the Prophet and then do Jihad in the way of Allah(swt) and this Jihad will not stop until the day of judgement. This way of Islam- we will study (inshaAllah) in great detail after finishing the main topic of Aqeedah in the next few lectures.

    How to make ‘la ilaha illallah’ uncontaminated.

    In Arabic ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ is made up of two sets of words, the first one being ‘la illaha’ and the second one ‘illa Allah’. The first half means ‘a rejection’ and the second ‘an acceptance’- in the Arabic language. When we say ‘reject’, it means you have to reject something before you can accept something else. So what is the situation here- what do we have to reject in order to accept Allah as our One and Only God?

    There are four main things which we have to reject for ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ to be accepted from us. These consist of the following:

    Aalihah:
    From this comes ILAH- anything which is worshiped is ILAH, examples are idol worshipping by the people of Quraish at the time of the Prophet(saw); grave worshipping today as we see in the Asian sub-continent and other parts of the world; people or Saints being worshiped as we see in all corners of the world today as well as in Muslim communities; ones internal desires can also be described as an ILAH.

    For Allah to be worshiped alone all these idols, grave worshipping, saints and other similar ILAH’s have to be rejected.

    Allah(swt) said in the Quran;

    "Set not up with Allah any other ILAH (God) or you will sit down reproved, forsaken (in the hellfire)". Surah 17 Al-Isra, Ayah 22

    Allah(swt) also said in the Quran;

    "And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him". Surah 17 Al-Isra, Ayah 23

    Allah(swt) also said in the Quran;

    "Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship". Surah An-Nisa, Ayah 36

    Arbab:
    Arbab comes from Ruboobeeyah and means Rab or Lord (Maalik). Arbab and Aalihah are both related therefore if there is Arbab then there is Aalihah. Anyone saying he is Razik (gives rizk), Hakim (makes rules), gives life and death etc can be classified as an Arbab.

    Allah(swt) says in the Quran;

    "They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their(Arbab) lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah)". Surah 9 At-Taubah, Ayah 31

    For example if you tell someone (a peer or a saint) to make dua for you to have a child or get better from an illness expecting his dua to give you shifa (make you better) without expecting the shifa to come from Allah then you have taken another Rab alongside Allah. Only Allah should be asked and your dua should only be directed to Allah.

    Another example will be if you go to a kuffar court in any country (including Muslim man made courts, magistrates or county or any such courts) and make a kafir(disbeliever) judge you in your matter using Kuffar (man-made) laws rather than what Allah has revealed (Shari’ah, Islamic Law) then you would not be judging according to what Allah has revealed so this will be like taking others besides Allah as your Rab. All kinds of Arbab should be rejected for Allah to be worshipped Alone.

    Andad:
    Andad means equal to or more specifically something made equal to Allah. This could be in any form such as wealth, family, community, leadership and others. For example if an order comes from Allah and instead of obeying Allah(swt’s) order you obey your father’s, mother’s, country’s, community’s or leader’s order then you have made an Andad with Allah because you have rejected Allah’s command to follow something else.

    To love something is natural but if you love this thing more or equal to your love for Allah then it has also become a partner which you worship other than Allah. Love for all things must come after our love for Allah and His Messenger(saw). All kinds of Andad have to be rejected for Allah to be worshipped Alone.

    Allah(swt) said in the Quran;

    "Say: If you fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindered, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight … are dearer to you than Allah and His messenger, and fighting Jihad in His cause then wait until Allah brings about His Decision (torment). And Allah guides not the people who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah)". Surah 9 At-Taubah, Ayah 24

    Taghut:
    The literal meaning of the word Taghut in the Arabic language is (it is derived from the word Tagha or Tugyan) when something exceeds or goes over its limit. In general the word Taghut covers a wide range of meanings. From the Shari’ah point of view Taghut is anything which is worshipped other than Allah(swt), i.e. false deities. This may include Satan, devils, idols, stones, sun, stars, angels, or even human beings such as Isa(Jesus) who were the Messengers of Allah falsely worshipped and taken as Taghuts besides Allah(swt). Likewise saints, graves, rulers and leaders, may also be falsely worshipped. (Meanings of the word ‘Taghut’ taken from the "Noble Quran" by Mohammad Muhsin Khan)

    It is very important to understand what Taghut is in order to reject it, for if one does not know its meaning then how would you keep yourself away from it. Once you understand the meaning then it becomes necessary to know how to reject the Taghut.

    Allah(swt) says in the Quran;

    "There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves (does Kufr) in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer All-Knower". Surah 2 Al-Baqarah, Ayah 256

    Allah(swt) also said in the Quran;

    "And verily, we have sent among every Ummah (nation) a messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities)". Surah 16 An-Nahl, Ayah 36

    Allah(swt) also said in the Quran;

    "Have you seen those (hypocrites) who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taghut (false judges) while they have been ordered to reject them. But shaitan (satan) wishes to lead them far astray". Surah 4 An-Nisa, Ayah 60

    Allah(swt) also said in the Quran;

    "Those who believe, fight in the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of Taghut (false deities)". Surah 4 An-Nisa, Ayah 76

    In these Ayahs, Allah(swt) is describing to us the straight path which would lead one to paradise. This straight path is to disbelieve in the Taghut before ‘La illaha illa Allah’ can be accepted. In other words before you can say ‘I believe in Allah’ (illa Allah) you have to reject or disbelieve in the Taghut (La illaha) .

    If a person says ‘La illaha illa Allah’ and he has not yet rejected the Taghut, then he is going against the above mentioned ayah of Allah(swt) in which He said: "Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break". In this Ayah Allah(swt) used the word ‘Astamsaka’ instead of ‘Masaka’. ‘Masaka’ in Arabic means to hold something with one hand or in one hand but in this Ayah ‘Astamsaka’ is symbolically used which means to hold something with both hands or means getting a tight grip of something with both hands. To make it more simple if we say that you are holding something in your right hand then this means that your left hand is empty and you can hold another thing in your left hand. In the same way if we say that some one is holding ‘La illaha illa Allah’ in one hand and Taghut in the other hand then his belief (Iman) is not correct and he is outside the fold of Islam. This is why Allah(swt) used the word ‘Astamsaka’ in the above Ayah to make clear to us that we have to hold ‘La illaha illa Allah’ with both our hands and not in just one hand.

    This means that we have to do what Allah(swt) tells us, which is to reject the Taghut and to hold ‘La illaha illa Allah’ with both our hands. This is the only way to obtain eternal success and if anyone makes any other claim than what Allah(swt) has prescribed for us then he is not a Muslim but is a Kaafir(disbeliever). However if someone does what Allah(swt) has told us to do then He will InshaAllah give us His full Mercy, He will be on our side and will take us out of the darkness into the light. This is the way of Islam and if someone follows this way then Allah(swt) will be happy with him and his actions. Any other way apart from this way is that of Satan and is evil.



    Seven Conditions of the SHAHADAH

    ‘La ilaha illallah, Muhammad-ur-RasulAllah’

    Knowledge: Al-‘Ilm
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    "So know (O Muhammad (saw)), that ‘La illaha illah Allah’(none has the right to be worshiped but Allah)". Surah 47, Ayah 19

    Certainty: Al-Yaqeen
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    "Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His messenger, and afterwards doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah. Those! Are the truthful". Surah 49, Ayah 15

    Sincerity: Al-Ikhlas
    The evidence for this is the two sayings of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    "Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due…". Surah 39, Ayah 3

    "And they have been commanded no more than this, but that they should worship Allah Alone offering him sincere devotion and being true in faith". Surah 98, Ayah 5

    Truthfulness: Al-Sidq
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    "Alif Lam Mim. Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: ‘We believe,’ and will not be tested. And indeed Allah tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test)". Surah 29, Ayah 1,2,3

    Love: Al-Mahabbah
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    "And of mankind are some who take others (for worship) besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe love Allah more (than anything else)…".Surah2, Ayah 165

    Submission: Al-Inqiad
    The evidence for this is the two saying of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    "Turn to you Lord (in repentance) and submit to His (Will)…". Surah 39, Ayah 54

    "And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allah and does good…". Surah 4, Ayah 125

    Acceptance: Al-Qubool
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allah(swt) in the Holy Quran;

    " And similarly, We sent not a warner before you (O Muhammad (saw)) to any town (people) but that the luxurious ones amongst them said: "We found our fathers following a certain way and religion and we will indeed follow their footsteps." (The warner) said: "Even if I bring you better guidance than that which you found your fathers following?" They said: "Verily we disbelieve in that with which you have been sent". So we took revenge of them, then see what was the end of those who denied (Islam)". Surah 37, Ayah 35-36



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  4. #4

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    Re: The Meaning of Shahada

    salam

    bump, bump, bump it up....


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